MINISTRY OF EDUCATION OVERVIEW OF CAREER GUIDANCE AND COUNSELLING
The world of work today is rapidly changing and persons considering entering into a career need to have a clear understanding of the dynamics, mainly with regard to Information Communication Technology (ICT).
In Kenya today, it is possible and common to see an individual employed in an area that is neither in line with their professional training nor with their career interests. This is primarily because people go for what is available rather than what is in line with their personal interests, values, abilities and skills. Many also lack the ability to re-orient their interests to the available training and employment opportunities.
This situation results in job frustrations and low job satisfaction. This is characterized by low work morale and reduced productivity which inevitably has far reaching social and economic consequences. This situation reflects a need for efforts to harmonize individual’s natural abilities and interests with their education and training, in line with changing needs of the job market. This can be achieved mainly through Career Guidance and Counselling.
Deciding on the future career is not quite easy. It is even more difficult when you lack the necessary information on the different types of careers. In an ideal situation the process of career development stretches through one’s lifetime with a greater emphasis during the secondary and tertiary years.
This is because the information on career choice and development requires adequate understanding of oneself in terms of academic potentials, attributes, talents, interests, personality, values, expectations and available resources. This basic understanding is useful in identifying a suitable career option. When this is properly done, young people are motivated through preparation, study, competition and self confidence. Good career planning envisages a match between requirements of a job, aptitudes, interests, personality and expectations. The young person must be aware of his/her motivations, aspirations, strengths, dislikes, limitations and weaknesses. This awareness must be backed by actual achievement and behaviours as well as one’s expectation from the job such as power, money, status, discipline, command or challenge. Interest in the job is completely vital for growth.